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meshing [2017/08/17 18:03]
Igor Chernyavsky Amira tips
meshing [2019/05/15 23:00] (current)
Igor Chernyavsky [Segmentation and Meshing tools for Image-based Modelling]
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 ===== Segmentation and Meshing tools for Image-based Modelling ===== ===== Segmentation and Meshing tools for Image-based Modelling =====
  
-Credits: Russell Garwood, Yongle Sun (Manchester), Jon Hill (York), Susheel Varma (Sheffield)+Credits: Russell Garwood, David Smith, Yongle Sun, Martin Turner (Manchester), Jon Hill (York), Susheel Varma (Sheffield), Gowsihan Poologasundarampillai (Birmingham & DLS), Alberto Gambaruto (Bristol).
  
 +<wrap lo>//Disclaimer//: The list and descriptions are unavoidably subjective. Please [[question@math-biophys.info|get in touch]] if you notice any inaccuracies.</wrap>
 ==== Overview ==== ==== Overview ====
  
 ^ Visualisation & segmentation          ^ Platform  ^ Cost  ^ Comment  ^ ^ Visualisation & segmentation          ^ Platform  ^ Cost  ^ Comment  ^
-| [[http://fiji.sc|FUJI]] / ImageJ + [[http://3dviewer.neurofly.de|3D Viewer]]    | all | 0 | Highly flexible image processing, with limited 3D rendering and meshing | +| [[http://fiji.sc|FIJI]] / ImageJ + [[http://3dviewer.neurofly.de|3D Viewer]]    | all | 0 | Highly flexible image processing, with limited 3D rendering and meshing 
-| [[https://www.slicer.org|3D Slicer]]  | all        | 0    | ''VTK''-based 3D visualisation and segmentation of medical images |+| [[https://diamondlightsource.github.io/SuRVoS|SuRVoS]]                    | Linux/Win | 0 | Machine learning (ML)-based semi-automatic volume segmentation aimed at X-ray tomography | 
 +| [[http://bio3d.colorado.edu/imod|IMOD]] | all | 0 | 3D reconstruction, segmentation and visualisation aimed at Electron Microscopy | 
 +| [[http://mib.helsinki.fi/features.html|Microscopy Image Browser]]         | all | 0 | ''Matlab''-based 2D/3D visualisation and segmentation tools for SEM and tomography | 
 +| [[http://www.itksnap.org|ITK-SNAP]]     | all | 0 | User-friendly 3D (semi-)manual segmentation with ML features for medical (MRI/CT/US) data | 
 +| [[https://www.cti.gov.br/en/invesalius|InVesalius]] | all | 0 | Basic image reconstruction for MRI and (micro)tomography data 
 +| [[https://www.slicer.org|3D Slicer]]  | all        | 0    | Advanced ''VTK''-based 3D visualisation and segmentation of medical images |
 | [[http://www.paraview.org|ParaView]]  | all        | 0    | ''VTK''-based 3D simulation data visualisation, a free analogue to ''TecPlot'', ''Origin'', ''Igor Pro'', etc. | | [[http://www.paraview.org|ParaView]]  | all        | 0    | ''VTK''-based 3D simulation data visualisation, a free analogue to ''TecPlot'', ''Origin'', ''Igor Pro'', etc. |
 | [[https://www.blender.org|Blender]]   | all        | 0    | Free alternative to ''3D Studio'' / ''Autodesk Maja'' with some mesh manipulation | | [[https://www.blender.org|Blender]]   | all        | 0    | Free alternative to ''3D Studio'' / ''Autodesk Maja'' with some mesh manipulation |
 | [[https://sf.anu.edu.au/Vizlab/drishti|Drishti]] | Win/Mac | 0 | Advanced visualisation and rendering for presentations & outreach; basic meshing | | [[https://sf.anu.edu.au/Vizlab/drishti|Drishti]] | Win/Mac | 0 | Advanced visualisation and rendering for presentations & outreach; basic meshing |
-| [[http://spiers-software.org|SPIERS]] | Win/Mac   | 0     | Tomographic visualisation, serial rendering and meshing                          |+| [[http://spiers-software.org|SPIERS]] | Win/Mac   | 0     | Tomographic visualisation, serial rendering and meshing (not actively updated since 2013) |
 | [[http://www.sci.utah.edu/cibc-software/seg3d.html|Seg3D]] + ImageVis3D | all | 0 | Visualisation and segmentation of medical images | | [[http://www.sci.utah.edu/cibc-software/seg3d.html|Seg3D]] + ImageVis3D | all | 0 | Visualisation and segmentation of medical images |
 | FEI [[https://www.fei.com/software/avizo3d|Avizo]] / [[https://www.fei.com/software/amira-3d-for-life-sciences/|Amira]]  | all | $$ | Powerful 3D visualisation, image processing and segmentation | | FEI [[https://www.fei.com/software/avizo3d|Avizo]] / [[https://www.fei.com/software/amira-3d-for-life-sciences/|Amira]]  | all | $$ | Powerful 3D visualisation, image processing and segmentation |
 +| PerkinElmer [[|Columbus]]| all  | $$?    | Browser-based integrated data storage and basic image analysis system (aimed at pharma) |
 | [[http://www.osirix-viewer.com|OsiriX]]| Mac only  | $    | DICOM data visualisation, FDA-certified for diagnostics | | [[http://www.osirix-viewer.com|OsiriX]]| Mac only  | $    | DICOM data visualisation, FDA-certified for diagnostics |
  
 \\ \\
 ^ Meshing Software                               ^ Platform ^ Cost ^ Comment  ^ ^ Meshing Software                               ^ Platform ^ Cost ^ Comment  ^
-| [[http://gmsh.info|Gmsh]], [[http://wias-berlin.de/software/tetgen|TetGen]], [[http://www.hpfem.jku.at/netgen|Netgen]]           | all | 0 | Flexible command line tools (gmsh is also with a user-unfriendly %%GUI%%) |+| [[http://gmsh.info|Gmsh]], [[http://wias-berlin.de/software/tetgen|TetGen]], [[http://www.hpfem.jku.at/netgen|Netgen]] | all | 0 | Flexible command line tools (gmsh is also with a user-unfriendly %%GUI%%) |
 | [[http://meshlab.sourceforge.net|MeshLab]]     | all      | 0    | Triangular & tetrahedral %%GUI%% mesh manipulator; can be unstable for big meshes | | [[http://meshlab.sourceforge.net|MeshLab]]     | all      | 0    | Triangular & tetrahedral %%GUI%% mesh manipulator; can be unstable for big meshes |
-| [[http://engits.eu/en/engrid|enGrid]] + Netgen | all      | 0    | Tetrahedral + prismatic meshing %%GUI%% optimised for CFD; integrated with ''OpenFOAM'' |+| [[https://www.salome-platform.org|Salome]]     | Linux/Win | 0   | %%GUI%% mesh and CAD manipulator (see also [[https://www.freecadweb.org|FreeCAD]]), with some post-processing tools | 
 +| [[http://www.meshmixer.com/|Autodesk Meshmixer]] | Win/Mac | 0   | User-friendly %%GUI%% mesh manipulator for 3D printing (closed-source) | 
 +| [[https://www.engits.com/engrid---mesher.html|enGrid]] + Netgen | all | 0    | Tetrahedral + prismatic meshing %%GUI%% optimised for CFD; integrated with ''OpenFOAM'' 
 +| [[https://ngsolve.org|Netgen/NGSolve]]         | all      | 0    | Netgen-based meshing, multi-physics FE solver & visualisation %%Python/C++%% library |
 | [[http://iso2mesh.sourceforge.net|iso2mesh]]   | all      | 0    | Flexible tetrahedral meshing Toolbox for ''MATLAB'' / ''Octave'' with ''COMSOL'' support | | [[http://iso2mesh.sourceforge.net|iso2mesh]]   | all      | 0    | Flexible tetrahedral meshing Toolbox for ''MATLAB'' / ''Octave'' with ''COMSOL'' support |
 | [[ http://www.cgal.org|CGAL]]                  | all      | 0    | Very flexible C%%++%% meshing and computational geometry library | | [[ http://www.cgal.org|CGAL]]                  | all      | 0    | Very flexible C%%++%% meshing and computational geometry library |
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 | [[https://www.comsol.com/comsol-multiphysics#mesh|COMSOL Multiphysics]] | all | $ | Built-in physics-based meshing and mesh-optimisation ([[https://www.comsol.com/blogs/improved-functionality-and-tips-for-importing-stl-and-nastran-files|STL import tips]])| | [[https://www.comsol.com/comsol-multiphysics#mesh|COMSOL Multiphysics]] | all | $ | Built-in physics-based meshing and mesh-optimisation ([[https://www.comsol.com/blogs/improved-functionality-and-tips-for-importing-stl-and-nastran-files|STL import tips]])|
 | [[http://www.ansys.com/products/platform/ansys-meshing|ANSYS Meshing]] | Win/Linux | $$$? | CFD-oriented robust meshing (formerly ANSYS ICEM CFD; see also OptiGrid) | | [[http://www.ansys.com/products/platform/ansys-meshing|ANSYS Meshing]] | Win/Linux | $$$? | CFD-oriented robust meshing (formerly ANSYS ICEM CFD; see also OptiGrid) |
-| [[https://www.netfabb.com|Autodesk Netfab]]    | Win only | $$$? | Geometry and mesh manipulation |+| [[https://www.netfabb.com|Autodesk Netfab]]    | Win only | $$$? | Advanced CAD geometry and mesh manipulation (see also [[https://www.solidworks.com/product/solidworks-3d-cad|Solidworks]] suite) |
 | [[https://www.fei.com/software/amira-3d-extensions|FEI Avizo / Amira + XWind]] | all | $$ | Powerful segmentation with limited tetrahedral meshing | | [[https://www.fei.com/software/amira-3d-extensions|FEI Avizo / Amira + XWind]] | all | $$ | Powerful segmentation with limited tetrahedral meshing |
 | [[http://biomedical.materialise.com/mimics|Materialise Mimics]] | Win only | $$$? | Complete workflow with robust meshing but restrictive %%GUI%%; optimised for 3D printing | | [[http://biomedical.materialise.com/mimics|Materialise Mimics]] | Win only | $$$? | Complete workflow with robust meshing but restrictive %%GUI%%; optimised for 3D printing |
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 **Summary**: ''MeshLab'', ''Gmsh'', ''Simpleware'' are good %%GUI%% tools for simple-to-medium mesh-generation; for high-throughput tasks, use script-based ''Gmsh'', ''Netgen'', ''TetGen'', ''CGAL'', ''iso2mesh'' (all are highly flexible), and also ''ANSYS ICEM''.  **Summary**: ''MeshLab'', ''Gmsh'', ''Simpleware'' are good %%GUI%% tools for simple-to-medium mesh-generation; for high-throughput tasks, use script-based ''Gmsh'', ''Netgen'', ''TetGen'', ''CGAL'', ''iso2mesh'' (all are highly flexible), and also ''ANSYS ICEM''. 
  
-**Tip**: test the final mesh quality by plotting the distribution of //dihedral angles//.+**Tips**: test the final mesh quality by plotting the distribution of //dihedral angles//. See also an overview of meshing tips for ''COMSOL'': [[https://uk.comsol.com/blogs/how-to-set-up-a-mesh-in-comsol-multiphysics-for-cfd-analyses/|Part I]], [[https://uk.comsol.com/blogs/your-guide-to-meshing-techniques-for-efficient-cfd-modeling|Part II]].
  
 +**Further Tools and Resources**: [[http://www.ccpi.ac.uk/node/3|Quantification and Segmentation Tools for Micro-Tomography]], [[https://idoimaging.com|Software Catalogue for Medical Imaging]] (e.g. DICOM); [[http://niftyweb.cs.ucl.ac.uk|NiftyWeb]] & [[http://cmictig.cs.ucl.ac.uk/wiki/|Nifty]] (online MRI/CT segementation; [[http://niftynet.io|NiftyNet]] is ML-based); [[https://mirtk.github.io|MIRTK]] and [[http://www.deformetrica.org|Deformetrica]] (MRI-oriented multi-modal image registration and transformation). Meshing tools: [[http://www.meshrepair.org|Mesh Repair Sofware]] (e.g. see ''ReMESH''), [[https://openfoamwiki.net/index.php/SnappyHexMesh|SnappyHexMesh]] from the ''OpenFOAM'' suite.
  
 \\ \\
-==== Amira / Avizo Tips ====+==== ImageJ/Fiji & Amira/Avizo Tips ====
  
-Credits: Kathy Tinoco, Cornelia Vacar (FEI), Philip Pearce (MIT), Alexander Erlich and Sebastian Gilbert (Manchester)+Credits: Kathy Tinoco, Cornelia Vacar (FEI), Philip Pearce (MIT), James Carr, Alexander ErlichSebastian Gilbert and David Smith (Manchester)
  
 \\ \\
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 <div rightalign>--- //Igor Chernyavsky, 2017/08/17 17:47// ---</div> <div rightalign>--- //Igor Chernyavsky, 2017/08/17 17:47// ---</div>
 +
 +
 +**Segmentation Tips** for complex / noisy data:
 +  - ''[[http://imagej.net/Trainable_Weka_Segmentation|Weka]]'' is a 2D/3D machine-learning ''Fiji'' plugin, useful for pre-processing
 +  - //Filter Sandbox// and //Marker-based Watershed Mask// are semi-automatic segmentation modules in ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amira_(software)|Amira]]''
 +  - ''[[https://diamondlightsource.github.io/SuRVoS/|SuRVoS]]'' is a powerful combination of 3D super-voxel segmentation and trainable classifiers (random forest, etc.)
 +  - ''[[http://mib.helsinki.fi/features_all.html|MIB]]'' is another tool for 2D super-pixel segmentation and has some machine learning functionality (X-ray ZEISS ''.txm'' needs to be exported to ''.mrc''/''.tiff'' stacks first)
 +
 +<div rightalign>--- //Igor Chernyavsky, 2017/09/18 19:00// ---</div>
  
  
meshing.1502989431.txt.gz · Last modified: 2017/08/17 18:03 by Igor Chernyavsky
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